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Historical Geobotany

Historical geobotany studies the historical development of vegetation elements in a continuum of space and time. Of central importance are questions of the origin, development, and alteration of natural and synanthropic vegetation forms.

Object of study are plant remains preserved in adequate media, for example, seeds, fruits, wood tissues, plant fibers, wood charcoal derived from archeological excavations (paleo-ethnobotany), or other geological or biological archives, such as pollen deposits in bogs, inland water bodies, or ocean sediments (pollen analysis or palynology).